RTS Home Accents 50-Gallon Rain Water Collection Barrel With Brass Spigot - Wood GrainRainwater collection is the process of harvesting and collection water during a rain shower.  This has been a practice for thousands of years, and up to now, people are still developing more efficient ways to capture rainwater.  As the world is striving to become “greener”, this practice has been catching wind with a lot of homeowners and businesses.  Harvested water can be used for  domestic use, land irrigation, watering your garden,  and much more. Most people choose to use rainwater in their daily lives because  it’s environmentally conscious and can save you a buck or two on your water bill.  All you’ d have to do is make the decision to buy the system and install it, which really isn’t hard at all. Rainwater is also soft, chlorine-free, and many people prefer using it compared to tap water.

People have developed complex rainwater collection systems for more effective ways of capturing and filtering the rain. But most of these systems have the following basic components:

Basic Components of a Rainwater Collection System

Catchment Surface:  The catchment surface is what the rain hits during a downpour. Most people use their roof for this purpose. Others, however, build pole barns. The material used for the roof is important, most people use alloy-coated sheet steel for this. The smoother the surface of the roof is, the more effective the collection system will be. Slate can also be used for this purpose, as long as there are no poisonous sealants used in it.

Gutters/ Downspouts: These components are where the rainwater is directed to flow from the catchment surface. The rainwater will pass through these gutters and into the other parts of the rainwater collection system. It is important to consider the correct installation of gutters on your roof to effectively capture more rainwater. Lead should not be used in any part of the gutter. Rain has the ability to dissolve this material and contaminate the water with toxic substances.

Leaf Screens:  The leaf screens serve as preliminary filters for the flowing water from the gutter before it reaches the tanks. Leaf Screens can be installed along the gutter, blocking out debris that the water may be carrying such as leaves, sticks, rocks, or anything that may be present on the roof.

First Flush Diverters: First Flush diverters are another type of filter but works on smaller particles that the leaf screens cannot keep out. This includes dust, sand, pollen, and even animal feces from birds or rats.

Cisterns or storage tanks: This is where all the collected water is stored. Cisterns can be the most expensive part of the whole rainwater collection system.  It must be thoroughly cleaned before use and vents should be included to discourage mosquito breeding. There are many materials that can be used to make these tanks such as fiberglass or even wood.

Filter:  The filter carries the final task in the whole rainwater collection system; it ensures that the water collected is safe enough to be used for almost any purpose. This component includes pumps and specialized filters for reversed osmosis or chlorination.

Many people in different countries, especially in areas where groundwater is scarce, have practiced Rainwater collecting for many years. Why not try installing a rainwater collection system outside your house? Installing it may be a bit pricey, but you’re helping out the earth and your water bill!

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